As a nation that is scarce in natural resources, the recycling of spent nuclear fuel is critical to Japan's energy security.
Japan's Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Spent fuel from nuclear power plants contains unburned uranium and plutonium that are produced during power generation. Both resources are recovered and used as fuel again.
MOX Fuel Use in Thermal Reactor
Japan's electric power companies are working hard to achieve their goal of using MOX fuel in 16-18 LWRs by fiscal 2015 at the latest.